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Jacob W. Shoemaker and Rachel H. Shoemaker Ephemeral Papers

Identifier: 003-MS 168

Scope and Contents

113 items ; 28 cm. or smaller.


  • Created: 1862-1877


Conditions Governing Access

Archives and Special Collections of Ganser Library will reproduce Special Collections material to the extent that physical condition and copyright or other legal restrictions permit. Reproduction is available in the form of photocopies and digital images. All reproduction requests must be approved by a member of the professional staff. Decisions will take into account the type and condition of the binding, the brittleness of the paper, the size and the general size and fragility of the item.

Conditions Governing Use

Archives and Special Collections adheres to the provisions of the 1976 Copyright Act and amendments, and follows the minimum standards of educational fair use established under Section 107. In applying these standards, Archives and Special Collections will copy up to 10% of a copyrighted work if the copy is to be used for the purpose of private study, scholarship or research. The department will not copy for the purpose of public performance. Physical condition permitting, the department will copy more than 10% of a copyrighted work only with the written permission of the copyright holder. Multiple copies are not permitted under fair use. For authored works created since 1978, copyright lasts from the creation of the work until 70 years after the author's death. The expiration term for corporate, anonymous, or pseudonymous works is 95 years from publication or 120 years from creation, whichever occurs first. For works published before 1978, with a copyright notice, the maximum duration of copyright protection is 75 years. Works published before 1978 without a copyright notice are assumed to be in the public domain. Since March 1, 1989, a copyright notice is no longer necessary. Archives and Special Collections reserves the right to refuse to accept a copying order if fulfillment of the order would involve violation of copyright law.

Biographical or Historical Information

Jacob W. and Rachel H. Shoemaker founded and operated the National School of Elocution and Oratory in Philadelphia, Pa.  Mrs. Shoemaker was born in Bucks County, Pa., in 1838, but moved to Philadelphia soon afterwards.  She was a student at Lancaster County Normal School (Millersville, Pa.) from 1858-1861 and a member of the faculty from 1863-1865.  Mr. Shoemaker grew up in West Newton, Westmoreland County, Pa.  He attended the West Newton Select School in the early 1860's and was a student at the Lancaster County Normal School from 1864-1865.  Following the Civil War, Mr. Shoemaker worked briefly for the Pennsylvania Freedmen's Relief Association as a superintendent of schools in Virginia.  He returned to Pennsylvania in November of 1866, taking up residence in Philadelphia.  The couple married in Philadelphia in 1867.  In 1871, Mr. and Mrs. Shoemaker opened the Philadelphia Institute for Elocution, Penmanship, and Languages at 1208 Chestnut Street.  The couple moved to 1418 Chestnut Street and renamed the school the National School of Elocution and Oratory in 1874.  Jacob died in 1880, but Rachel continued to manage the school until her death in 1915.  The Shoemakers published numerous books on the art of the public speaking.

Note written by


113.00 items

Language of Materials



Programs, announcements and tickets of some of the 600 public performances of elocutionists Shoemaker and his wife Rachie in Philadelphia and eastern Pennsylvania. Programs, circulars, and tickets for the National School of Elocution and Oratory, Philadelphia, established in 1873. J.H. Bechtel served as secretary. Circulars for the Philadelphia Institute for Elocution, Penmanship, and Languages, c.1871. Circulars for temperance and classes at a YMCA in Philadelphia. Program for West Newton select school.

Arrangement Note


Technical Access Requirements

The processing fee for photocopying or scanning requests is $10.00/request. There is no charge for Millersville University students, faculty, or staff.

Existence and Location of Originals

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Repository Details

Part of the Millersville University Special Collections Repository

9 North George Street
McNairy Library, PO Box 1002
Millersville University
Millersville 17551-302 US